Washington National Cathedral Announces Replacement of Confederate Windows

By Editorial Team on October 5, 2021
Kerry James Marshall. Image courtesy Washington National Cathedral.

The Washington National Cathedral announced that it will replace its former stained-glass windows featuring Confederate iconography, removed in 2017, with racial-justice themed  windows created by world-renowned artist Kerry James Marshall, described by The New Yorker as “a  virtuoso of landscape, portraiture, still-life, history painting, and other genres of the Western canon.”  The Cathedral’s commission represents Marshall’s first time working with stained-glass as a medium,  and the windows are expected to be his first permanent public exhibition anywhere in the country.

In addition, celebrated poet, author, and scholar Dr. Elizabeth Alexander has agreed to pen a new poem that will be inscribed in stone tablets alongside Marshall’s window installation, overlaying the previous stone tablets which venerated the lives of Confederate soldiers. Completion of both Marshall’s new windows and the stone tablets featuring Dr. Alexander’s new poem is expected in 2023, at which time they will be permanently installed at the Cathedral.

The Cathedral removed windows featuring Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson—which were located along the southern face of its nave, or its main worship space—in September 2017, following the white nationalist violence in Charlottesville, Virginia. In the summer of 2020, amid the historic movement for racial justice following the police killing of George Floyd, the Cathedral began collaborating with the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) to plan the public exhibition of the Robert E. Lee window.

“For nearly 70 years, these windows and their Confederate imagery told an incomplete story; they  celebrated two generals, but they did nothing to address the reality and painful legacy of America’s  original sin of slavery and racism. They represented a false narrative of what America once was and left  out the painful truth of our history,” said The Very Rev. Randolph Marshall Hollerith, dean of  Washington National Cathedral. “We’re excited to share a new and more complete story, to tell the  truth about our past and to lift up who we aspire to be as a nation.”

Hollerith continues, “We are thrilled that Kerry James Marshall has agreed to lend his immense talents  and creative vision to this important project. He is one of the greatest artists of our time, and we are  honored to add his artistic legacy to the iconography of this Cathedral. To complement Mr. Marshall’s  work, we welcome the words of Dr. Elizabeth Alexander, one of America’s great poets and a native  Washingtonian, whose incredible ability to capture the pain of yesterday and the promise of tomorrow  will be felt in our house of prayer through her inscribed words.”

Marshall—the artist and professor whose paintings depicting Black life in America have been sold,  viewed, and showcased across the world for decades—will design the stained-glass windows that will  replace the Lee/Jackson windows. His new windows will reflect the Cathedral’s stated desire for new  windows that “capture both darkness and light, both the pain of yesterday and the promise of  tomorrow, as well as the quiet and exemplary dignity of the African American struggle for justice and  equality and the indelible and progressive impact it has had on American society.” Marshall has taught  painting at the University of Illinois at Chicago and has been named to TIME’s annual list of the 100 most  influential people in the world.

“This project is not just a job—I don’t need the work—or only a piece of art. It’s kind of a calling, and a  real honor to be asked,” said artist Kerry James Marshall. “The themes that the Cathedral committee  articulated set a great challenge for me as an artist and as a Black American man. The goal is to make  truly meaningful additions to an already rich and magnificent institution, to make the changes they have  embraced truly worth the effort.”

As a decorated poet, educator, memoirist, scholar, cultural advocate, Washington DC native, and president of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Dr. Alexander dedicated decades of her life and work  to the pursuit of creating and telling more truthful representations of our collective historya theme  she will explore in her commissioned poem for the Cathedral. She has held distinguished professorships  at Smith College, Columbia University, and Yale University, where she taught for 15 years and chaired  the African American Studies Department. In 2009, Dr. Alexander composed and delivered “Praise Song  for the Day” for the inauguration of President Barack Obama, and is author or co-author of fourteen  books, including Pulitzer finalists American Sublime and, The Light of the World.

“I grew up in Washington DC and spent time throughout my childhood in the hallowed Cathedral. I am  incredibly honored to be a part of the National Cathedral’s effort to ensure that those who worship  within its sanctuary know that it is truly a space for all people, and that the stories relayed through its  sacred walls, windows and other iconography represent the truth of our nation,” said Dr. Elizabeth  Alexander. “I’m delighted to work in close collaboration with my dear friend of over thirty years Kerry  James Marshall on this inspiring project for the Cathedral as we consecrate its sacred space with our  artistic work.”

As artists adept at capturing the lived experience of Black Americans, Marshall and Alexander will add a  new and important chapter to the Cathedral’s history of art and architecture, and reflect the Cathedral’s  aspirations to be a sacred gathering place where all Americans can see themselves reflected in its  expanding art and iconography.

Support for the windows replacement project and related public programming to highlight the  Foundation’s and the Cathedral’s ongoing commitment to racial justice and reconciliation is provided by  the Ford Foundation and The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (as part of the Foundation’s Monuments Project).

The Hearthland Foundation, founded by Kate Capshaw and Steven Spielberg, is also providing funding to  the project, with support directed to the poetry-inscribed tablets.

Robert E. Lee Window that were removed in 2017.  Image courtesy Washington National Cathedral.

The Lee/Jackson windows were originally donated to the Cathedral by the United Daughters of the  Confederacy and installed in 1953. The initial call for their removal came from then-Cathedral Dean Gary  Hall in 2015, following the shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, SC. In  2016, the Cathedral formed a task force to study options for the windows’ future, which ultimately  produced a report recommending further action. In 2017, after Charlottesville, the windows were  deconsecrated and removed, and the space has been filled by a temporary placeholder since then. Once  completed, the new racial justice windows will be installed, and they will remain a permanent part of  the Cathedral’s world-renowned sacred iconography.

The former window that depicts Confederate General Robert E. Lee will be displayed in Washington, DC,  for a year-long exhibit at the NMAAHC from September 24, 2021 through August 21, 2022. The  exhibition, “Make Good the Promises: Reconstruction and its Legacies,” will feature more than 175  objects, 300 images and 14 interactive media programs in the museum’s 4,300-square-foot Bank of  America Special Exhibitions Gallery. When the exhibit closes, the Lee/Jackson windows will return to the  Cathedral for conservation.

A special Windows Replacement Committee has been overseeing the future of the former Lee/Jackson  windows, co-chaired by Eric Motley, the deputy director of the National Gallery of Art and Chase Rynd,  former director of the National Building Museum. Additional members include Dean Hollerith; Dr.  Gwendolyn DuBois Shaw, Class of 1940 Bicentennial Term Associate Professor, Department of the  History of Art at the University of Pennsylvania; the Rev. Canon Kelly Brown Douglas, Canon Theologian  at Washington National Cathedral and Dean of Episcopal Divinity School at Union Theological Seminary;  the Rev. Canon Rosemarie Logan Duncan, Canon for Worship at Washington National Cathedral; and  the Rev. Canon Leonard L. Hamlin Sr., Canon Missioner and Minister for Equality and Diversity at  Washington National Cathedral; Blake Coleman, Class of 2021 graduate, National Cathedral School;  Gwendolyn King, President, Podium Prose; and the Rev. Dr. James P. Wind, President, Alban Institute.

(Source: Washington National Cathedral Press Release)