Six weekends of talks and workshops on the Anthropocene Curated by Anne-Sophie Coiffet + Tropism September 13 – November 23, 2019.
NATURA NATURANS is an artist-driven educational experiment that consists of lectures, workshops, field trips, and an exhibition exploring our changing understanding of nature in the Anthropocene. Curated by the artist Anne-Sophie Coiffet, who divides her time between DC and Paris, this twelve-week project examines topics as varied and interrelated as the co-mingling of natural and human objects and systems, securing legal status for ecosystems, silent places and acoustical trash, genetically modified crops and butterflies, space junk and oceanic micro-plastic, and more.
All Friday-night lectures are free and open to the public. Participation in the weekend workshops or field trips requires advance sign-up and attendance at the previous Friday’s lecture. Registration opens the first week of September. More details below!
From natura naturata (i.e., “nature natured” – nature as a passive matter) to natura naturans (i.e., “nature naturing” – nature as self-generating matter), the concept of “nature” has oscillated throughout the course of human history. This oscillation has accompanied the development of technologies that question the concept of creation itself. The Anthropocene defines an epoch dating from the beginning of the large-scale impact of human activities on the Earth’s ecosystems. Since the industrial era, the environment has been particularly impacted, transformed with the considerable accumulation of human artifacts. The ecological crisis reminds us of the contingency and the danger of large-scale transformations: if humans have been able to shape the world, that transformation, in turn, impacts our future. Despite various attempts to ignore climate change, we are now experiencing its consequences. As artists, scientists, and activists (inhabitants of Earth), our increased awareness of this phenomenon should encourage a rapid response that affords nature greater rights.
NATURA NATURANS is structured as convene with six sessions, grouped under three overarching themes: Nature/Culture, Visible/Invisible Pollution, and To Create / To Transform. The sessions are comprised of a Friday evening lecture followed by a Saturday or Sunday workshop or field trip. All events are at WPA, 2124 8th St NW, unless otherwise noted. Registration opens the first week of September. Lectures are free and open to the public, workshops and field trips cost $10, with the exception of the kayaking field trip which will cost $30.
THEME: NATURE / CULTURE
Session 1: Different Statuses for Nature|September 13-14
“Nature” and “wilderness” are cultural representations: they are reflections of our own desires and phantasms. Despite their meanings and differences, these concepts both refer to what is non-human. The evolution of these notions reflects our relationship with the world. Are the notions of “nature” and “wilderness” helpful when thinking about our relationship with the environment or are they restrictive and outdated concepts? What happens when parts of nature become legal entities? How do we discuss the notion of “property” in the Anthropocene? How do we evaluate our moral responsibility for climate change? How do non-human made objects raise ethical questions about their legal statuses in our contemporary society?
Friday, September 13, 7:30 – 9pm
Nature, Property, and Legal Rights
Lecture by Ben Price, Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund
Saturday, September 14, 2 – 3pm
Haunted Ground: Slavery, Trash, Soil, and the Logics of Ecological Destruction
Workshop with the artist Raina Martens
Session 2: Symbiosis / Reversibility | September 27-28
Human artifacts sometimes escape human control, interacting with the environment in ways that call into question the dichotomy between nature and culture. These collaborations stimulate new interactions and illustrate the possibility of life in “capitalist ruins”. They gradually generate their own rules, construct new architectural forms through a variety of transformations, and create new venues for life, enjoyment, and recycling. New kinds of architectonics can provide a conceptual framework to re-think our relationship with the environment. How do artifacts and non-man-made objects produce new – and sometimes unexpected – partnerships?
Friday, September 27, 7:30 – 9pm
Microbial communities and micro-plastic particles interaction in the Chesapeake Bay’s ecosystem
Lecture by UMD microbial ecologist Ana Sosa
Sunday, September 29, 11:00am – 4:30pm
The Ghost Ships of Mallows Bay
Kayaking Field Trip with Atlantic Kayak Company
Note: WPA will provide round-trip transportation; details provided upon registration
THEME: VISIBLE / INVISIBLE POLLUTION
Session 3: Human Sound Pollution / Silent Disappearance | October 11-12
Human noises affect wildlife. Scientific research has been conducted to show and to measure its impact on aquatic life (mammals, oysters, etc.). Acoustic transformations in nature tell us about the ecological impact of humans and climate change. What is acoustical trash? How do we measure its effects on the ecosystems? Quiet zones are places not disturbed by human noises, where we can listen to the non-human world. The United States National Radio Quiet Zone is an area in West Virginia where authorities limit all radio transmissions for scientific purposes. In the late 1960s, Bernie Krause started a bioacoustic catalog containing over 4,500 hours of wild soundscapes (aquatic and terrestrial). Half of the natural soundscapes are from habitats that either no longer exist, are radically altered because of human endeavor, or that have gone altogether silent. What is a silent place: a quiet place with no human noises or a soundscape losing its diversity?
Friday, October 11, 7:30 – 9pm
Soundscape: silent place and diversity
Silent Lecture with acoustic anthropologist Gordon Hempton
Saturday, October 12, 2 – 3:30pm
(Soma)tic Poetry Rituals
Workshop with Philadelphia-based poet CA Conrad
Session 4: Micro / Macro Pollution | October 25-26
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is the largest of the five offshore plastic accumulation zones in the world’s oceans. It covers an estimated surface area of 1.6 million square kilometers and its mass is estimated to weigh 80,000 tons. It is also estimated that 1.15 to 2.41 million tons of plastic are entering the ocean each year from rivers.
Many plastics break into smaller pieces and becomes microplastic pollution. Some plastic fragments are already 5 millimeters in size or less before entering the environment. What are the consequences of microplastic pollution in local and international waters?
The term space debris originally refers to the natural debris found in the solar system. However, it also describes the debris from the mass of defunct, artificially created objects in space, especially in Earth’s orbit. These include old satellites and spent rocket stages, as well as the fragments from their disintegration and collisions. In 1957, Sputnik brought to space the first pieces of space junk. In January 2019, more than 128 million bits of debris smaller than 1 cm, about 900,000 pieces of debris 1-10 cm, and around 34,000 of pieces larger than 10 cm were estimated to be in orbit around the Earth. What are the technical, economic, and legal aspects of the orbital debris?
Friday, October 25, 7:30 – 9pm
Space Junk and Ocean Plastics
A Conversation between NASA attorney Steven Mirmina and special guest
Saturday, October 26, 2 – 4pm
Plastics in Our Local Waterways
Anacostia River Explorer Boat Tour with Anacostia Riverkeeper
Note: Meeting location will be provided upon registration
THEME: TO CREATE / TO TRANSFORM
Session 5: GMOs | November 8-9
Man-made objects question the notions of “nature” and “culture”. They also question the notion of “creation” itself, as humans have developed technologies capable of editing the DNA of living organisms. From genetically modified plants and animals to gene editing on humans, scientists are now able to modify the whole ecosystem. Will science and creativity become a tool to face – for example – climate change? Will animals, plants, and humans be obsolete in the future? How will the concepts of partnership and power be redefined? How is technology transforming the world?
Friday, November 8, 7:30 – 9pm
GMOs: history, perspectives, ethics
Lecture by ecological anthropologist Glenn Davis Stone
Saturday, November 9, 2 – 3:30pm
CRISPR Genome Editing and Butterfly Genomics research at George Washington University
Lab visit with biology professor Arnaud Martin
Session 6: Reality / Fiction | November 22-23
The International Dark Sky Places (IDSP) Program was founded in 2001 to encourage communities, parks, and protected areas around the world to preserve and protect dark sites through responsible lighting policies and public education. Light pollution is a macroscopic phenomenon which will transform the history of astronomy for the next generations. The sky has been gradually re-shaped by luminous objects set in orbit in the last century: satellites, planes, artifacts. How will our representation of the sky change as humans populate it with more and more luminous artifacts?
Friday, November 22, 7:30 – 9pm
Luminous artifacts in the Universe: Reality or Fiction
Lecture with Kevin B. Marvel, American Astronomical Society
Saturday, November 16, 2 – 3:30pm
Re-representing the Celestial
A movement workshop with physics and astronomy professor Gregory Mack
Presented in partnership with the Cultural Programs of the National Academy of Sciences (CPNAS)
Note: The event will take place in the National Academy of Science’s Great Hall
About the Artist-Curator
Anne-Sophie Coiffet is a French artist and a visual art teacher based in Washington, DC. She has a Bachelor’s degree in literature and the history of art, and Masters degrees in theater. She has worked at various cultural institutions and art publications in Sicily, London, Spain, and France. Currently, she is working toward a Ph.D. in aesthetics while also producing multidisciplinary projects with her association Tropism.
Washington Project for the Arts is located at 2124 8th Street NW.